Plant Finder

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Want to find the perfect plant for your landscape, or identify a mystery plant? Hartman Garden Center has an online Plant Finder to help you with your task. Remember, the best solution is always to talk to our plant and landscaping experts. Don’t hesitate to give us a call at (952) 443-2990.

    tree

    Canaan Fir

    Abies balsamea 'var. phanerolepis'

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    Canaan Fir (Abies balsamea 'var. phanerolepis') at Hartman Companies

    Canaan Fir

    Canaan Fir

    (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

    Height:  50 feet

    Spread:  25 feet

    Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

    Hardiness Zone:  4

    Other Names:  West Virginia Balsam Fir, Bracted Fir

    Description:

    A delicate spire-like evergreen producing soft dark green needles, very upright and open; will grow in areas not well suited to other firs; resistant to spring frost injury

    Ornamental Features

    Canaan Fir is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has dark green evergreen foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. The smooth gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

    Landscape Attributes

    Canaan Fir is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

    This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

    Canaan Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

    • Vertical Accent

    Planting & Growing

    Canaan Fir will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

    This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for sandy, acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selection of a native North American species.

     
     
    Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
    Characteristics
    Articulation 
    Applications
    Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
    Ornamental Features
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