Plant Finder

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Want to find the perfect plant for your landscape, or identify a mystery plant? Hartman Garden Center has an online Plant Finder to help you with your task. Remember, the best solution is always to talk to our plant and landscaping experts. Don’t hesitate to give us a call at (952) 443-2990.

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    Balsam Fir

    Abies balsamea

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    Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) at Hartman Companies

    Balsam Fir

    Balsam Fir

    (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

    Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) at Hartman Companies

    Balsam Fir foliage

    Balsam Fir foliage

    (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

    Height:  50 feet

    Spread:  20 feet

    Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

    Hardiness Zone:  1

    Description:

    A delicate spire-like evergreen of the northern forests with soft dark green needles, very upright and open; quite particular about its growing conditions; not for exposed or windy sites

    Ornamental Features

    Balsam Fir has dark green foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The smooth gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

    Landscape Attributes

    Balsam Fir is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

    This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

    Balsam Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

    • Vertical Accent

    Planting & Growing

    Balsam Fir will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

    This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for sandy, acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is native to parts of North America.

     
     
    Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
    Characteristics
    Articulation 
    Applications
    Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
    Ornamental Features
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